Connecticut Hurricanes since 1850

Storm #3 – September 16, 1858

  • Category 1 in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Easthampton, NY & Groton, CT
  • 80 m.p.h. sustained winds at CT landfall
  • 979mb pressure at CT landfall

Storm #6 – September 8, 1869

  • Category 1 in Connecticut
  • Catuegory 3 in Rhode Island and Massachusetts
  • Landfall in Montauk, NY & Westerly, RI
  • 115 m.p.h. sustained winds at RI landfall
  • 965mb pressure at Rhode Island landfall

Storm #4 – August 24, 1893

  • Category 1 in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Queens, NY
  • 85 m.p.h. sustained winds at landfall
  • 986 mb pressure at NY landfall

Storm #5 – October 10, 1894

  • Category 1 hurricane in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Patchogue, NY & Clinton, CT
  • 85 m.p.h. sustained winds at NY landfall
  • 978mb pressure at NY landfall

Great New England Hurricane – September 21, 1938

  • Category 3 in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Brookhaven, NY & New Haven, CT
  • 120 m.p.h. sustained winds at NY landfall
  • 115 m.p.h. sustained winds at CT landfall
  • 941 mb pressure at NY landfall
  • 946 mb pressure at CT landfall

Great Atlantic Hurricane – September 15, 1944

  • Category 1 hurricane in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Matunuk, RI
  • 85 m.p.h. sustained winds at landfall
  • 955 mb pressure at landfall

Hurricane Carol* – August 30, 1954

  • Category 2 hurricane in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Easthampton, NY & Groton, CT
  • 115 m.p.h. sustained winds for both NY/CT landfalls (though category 3 winds remained east of CT/RI border)
  • 955 mb pressure at landfall

Hurricane Donna* – September 12, 1960

  • Category 1 hurricane in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Patchogue, NY & Old Saybrook, CT
  • 100 m.p.h. sustained winds at NY landfall
  • 962 mph pressure at NY landfall

Hurricane Gloria** – September 27, 1985

  • Category 1 hurricane in Connecticut
  • Landfall in Babylon, NY and Milford, CT
  • 85 m.p.h. winds at landfall in NY
  • 961mb pressure at landfall in NY
  • 965mb pressure at landfall in CT (recorded at BDR)

Hurricane Bob** – August 19, 1991

  • Category 1 hurricane in Conneticut
  • Category 2 hurricane in Rhode Island and Massachusetts
  • Landfall in New Shoreham, RI (Block Island)
  • 105 m.p.h. sustained winds at RI landfall
  • 962mb pressure at RI landfall

Notes:
* Preliminary Reanalysis results complete and final details awaiting confirmation from NHC best-track committee.
**Reanalysis work currently underway and the stats represent a “best guess” given current data and input from many meteorologists.

Connecticut Hurricane Stats

  • Average Hurricane Return Time – 16 years
  • 6 out of 10 hurricanes that produced hurricane conditions in Connecticut made landfall in the state.
  • 4 out of 10 hurricanes that produced hurricane conditions in Connecticut made landfall in either Rhode Island or Massachusetts.
  • 8 out of 10 hurricanes were category 1 storms in CT
  • 1 out of 10 hurricanes was a category 3 storm in CT (1938)
  • 1 out of 10 hurricanes was a category 2 storm in CT (Carol)
  • 6 out of 10 hurricanes struck in September
  • 3 out of 10 hurricanes struck in August
  • 1 out of 10 hurricanes struck in October
  • Median date for a hurricane strike – September 13th
  • Highest wind speed for Connecticut landfall – 115 m.p.h.
  • Lowest pressure for a Connecticut landfall – 946 mb
  • Longest period in between hurricanes – 45 years (1894 to 1938)

4 thoughts on “Connecticut Hurricanes since 1850”

  1. I remember Hurricane Donna, and I was only 5 years old back then! I lived in Lordship CT. I remember the power being out and we played games at night under the light of the hurricane lamps while we listened to transistor radios. I remember that the eye passed close enough to us the next day that my father drove us out to see the water spilling over the sea wall a few blocks from where we lived. There were 2 surplus army LTV’s parked there in case of emergency evac for the homeowners near the wall, then the rush back home as the WX rapidly changed. I remember having fun trying to stand up in the wind and almost getting blowen over that day. I also remember the return with the rain and wind in the opposit direction. Thanks for the history! We moved to Tucson AZ in 1968.

  2. A great argument can be made that 1938 was a Cat. 4 on the south shore real estate of LI. Engineering assessments of the wind gusts on eastern LI match that theory. Note that the previous belief of the forward motion being 70 mph has been dropped down to 48 mph on LI. 130 mph sustained + 45 = 175 mph gusts may have occurred in the Hampton’s. Greenport had a movie theatre blown down! Many eyewitness accounts matched with photos in Norwich, CT seem to all paint a picture that an eyewall from a major hurricane was likely in place when the storm crossed the LI sound.

    A study from a retired NHC employee, Brian Jarvinen, also matches to this theory that it’s very possible the Great New England Hurricane of 1938 was a cat.4 on the LI south shores. The problem with the reanalysis by the HURDAT project, Landsea et. al. is that there protocol is far too rigid. They took an estimate from Fischer’s Island which was approx. 80 miles to the NE from where the eye made landfall and the eye had a RMW of 40 miles. Obviously there is a fairly good sample error by going with this measurement for what the wind gusts were in East Hampton for example which is 45 miles from Bellport.

    Much more can be found on this storm at my facebook group http://www.facebook.com/groups/tarcweather

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